Textile glossary

Alpaca

Abbreviation WP; Alpaca fleece is a lustrous and silky natural fiber

Angora

Abbreviation WA, yarn made of the hair of the Angora rabbit

Anticrease fabrics

These fabrics do not require ironing after washing

Basketweave

A woven fabric with all-over texture resembling a weave commonly found in baskets...

Batiste

Plain fabric made of linen very fine, transparent, lightweight and soft-handed

Bias

A line going diagonally across the grain of fabric

Binding

A thin strip of plain fabric woven with the required width

Boiled wool

It is created using a mechanical knitting process which involves a set pattern that is then shrunk

Bouclet

A type of yarn having one thread looser than the others, that produces protruding curls with swirl effect for a rough-textured cloth

Brocade

A heavy silk fabric for upholstery interwoven with a rich, raised overall pattern.

Byssus

Fabric made with silk produced by a mollusk

Calendering

A finishing process by textiles are passed through a series of rollers

Canvas

Fabric used as a basis or guide for embroidery

Cashmere

Abbreviation WS, fine wool also called casimiro or kashmir, made of the hair of the hircus goat

Chiffon

A lightweight, balanced plain-woven sheer fabric woven of alternate S- and Z-twist crepe (high-twist) yarns

Chintz

Sturdy cotton fabric, canvas or satin weave is characterized by bright colors and hand-polished...

Combing

Processing phase of the carded ribbon or finishing treatment that addresses the hair in the same direction

Cotton

Abbreviation CO, is derived from the seeds of cotton wrapped around the plants of the genus Gossypium

Crêpe

Fabric of a gauzy texture, having a peculiar crisp or crimpy appearance

Crêpe satin

Soft tissue, shaved, shiny and matte on the back on the right

Damask

It is a damask fabric that resembles but differs to be made with yarns of different colors

Damask linen

Fine textured fabric with monochrome designs and bright-dull effects used for household linen

Denim

Fabric used to manufacture jeans.

Dyeing

Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics

Ecru

Yarn or fabric not bleached or dyed

Embroidery

Ornamentation of fabric with needlework

Emerizing

Finishing process that creates a smooth pile on the surface of the fabric, giving a soft, velvet-like touch

Fabric Construction

The details of structure of fabric. These include such information as style...

Fabric hand

In the field of textiles is the term used to describe the feel provided by a fabric...

Finishing

Any process performed on yarn or fabric after weaving or knitting to improve the look...

Flannel

Twill weave light, soft and warm fabric

Fringe

Textile ornament placed on the edge of clothing or pieces of furniture

Georgette

A sheer, lightweight, dull-finished crêpe fabric

Gobelin

A fabric, made on jacquard loom, which tries to mimic the Gobelins tapestries for upholstery

Greige Goods

Term used to describe cloth woven on a loom with warp and filling yarns that have not been dyed

Grosgrain

A type of plain weave fabric characterized by its ribbed appearance

Herringbone

Broken twill weave

Houndstooth

Also known as Prince of Wales check, the traditional houndstooth check is made with alternating bands...

Jersey Fabric

As a knit fabric used predominantly for clothing manufacture

Jute

Abbreviation JU; naturak fiber derived from genus Corchorus’ plants

Mercerized cotton

A yarn which undergoes a treatment with caustic soda

Modal

Abbreviation MD; a cellulose fiber made by spinning reconstituted cellulose from beech trees

Mohair

Abbreviation WM; yarn with features similar to silk yarn, made from the hair of the Angora goat

Muslin

Very light plain fabric in plain weave and very sparse texture similar to gauze

Natural fibers

A unit of matter, natural or manufactured, that forms the basic element of fabrics and other textile structures

Organzine

Twine and twisted in one direction coupled with another strand in the opposite direction used for the warp

Oxford

Fabric for shirts featuring the armor natto with colored warp and white weft threads

Piquet

A cotton fabric with patterns in relief, diamonds, squares, little dots, usually white

Plain weave

Easiest way by which you can weave the threads of the warp and weft to create a fabric.

Poplin

A lightweight cotton fabric, cool and dry hand, ideal for the manufacture of shirts

Sanfor

Operation performed on the fabric in piece in order to improve the shrinkage

Satin

Cotton fabric, average weight, very smooth

Shantung

A heavy fabric made of spun wild silk (Tussah) with a rough nubby and irregular surface...

Shearing

Finishing process that trims the hair extracted from raising

Silk

Abbreviation SE, A fine lustrous fiber composed mainly of fibroin and produced by certain insect larvae to form cocoons...

Taffetà

A crisp, smooth plain woven fabric made from silk or synthetic fibers

Tartan

A twilled wool fabric or garment having a pattern consisting of stripes of varying widths and colors...

Terry cloth

A pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides...

Textile printing

The process of applying colour to fabric in definite patterns or designs.

Texturing

Textile process that diminish such characteristics as glassiness, slipperiness, and the chance of pilling

Thread Count (T.C.)

Technically speaking, thread count is the number of threads...

Tulle

Fine, often starched net of silk, rayon, or nylon, used especially for veils, tutus, or gowns

Tweed

A rough, unfinished woollen fabric, of a soft, open, flexible texture, resembling cheviot or homespun...

Twill

A type of textile weave with a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs

Velvet

Soft fabric having a smooth, dense pile and a plain underside

Viscose

A man-made cellulose fiber obtained through the use of sodium hydroxide and carbon disulphide

Waffle fabric

Waffle fabric is a woven fabric with a recessed square pattern

Warp

The warp is the set of lengthwise threads attached to a loom before weaving begins...

Weave

The structure of interweaving warp and weft threads

Wool

Natural textile fiber obtained from the fleece of sheeps...

Yarn

A continuous strand of twisted threads of natural or synthetic material

Yarn counting

Operation that determines the count of a thread or yarn

Yarn Dyeing

The dyeing of yarn before the fabric is woven or knit

Share on: facebook share twitter share google+ share pinterest share
Sigla.com - Internet Partner